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Extractables and leachables studies Understand the risks of drug-container interaction and choose your containment solution with confidence


Data-driven risk assessment of leachables with SCHOTT Pharma

During storage, a drug substance continually interacts with the materials of its primary containment system. Potential leaching from glass, metal, polymer, rubber, adhesive, or lubricant materials into the drug can adversely impact drug functionality or cause toxic effects. Extractable and leachable (E&L) studies provide data about those interactions, giving an accurate assessment of potential risks and ensuring that the containment solution selected for your drug product is safe. E&L studies also complete your regulatory submission documentation.

SCHOTT Pharma Services designs and conducts extractables and leachables studies. We also interpret results to support your risk assessment and can compare the suitability of different containment solutions.

Extractables and leachables studies: safety for your application

Extractable studies seek to analyze the worst-case scenario. Harsh buffers are used under challenging conditions (such as elevated temperatures) to test all materials that a drug will come into contact with to reveal which substances can potentially migrate into the drug.

In contrast, leachables studies focus on the actual application scenario. Leachable studies evaluate which substances will actually migrate under the specific storage conditions expected for the planned application scenario. Leachables studies are typically a sub-group of the extractables studies.

Our study designs are customized to specific application scenarios, and comply with regulatory guidelines such as USP <1663>, USP <1664>, ISO 10993-12/-18, ICH Q3D, USP <232>, PQRI, and ICH M7. Our experts can guide you in selecting a meaningful approach, co-ordinate study execution, and assist with interpretation of the data. We will also support toxicological assessment and interpretation upon request.

Ensure safety for your application with Schott Pharma’s extractables and leachables studies.

E&L studies: SCHOTT Pharma analyzes the full spectrum of primary packaging components

The methods required for analysis depend on the nature of the different component materials. To provide you with comparable data for all primary packaging components, we are equipped to work with organic (e.g. rubber, polymers, adhesives, or lubricants) as well as inorganic materials (e.g. glass or metal).

To support the analysis of containment solutions and components, we apply techniques such as gas (GC) or liquid chromatography (LC) for organic compounds, and inductive coupled plasma spectroscopy (ICP) for inorganic compounds.

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Solution comparison – Independent and objective analysis of the suitability of containment solutions from different suppliers.

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Sample preparation included – SCHOTT Pharma will take care of washing, depyrogenation, filling and sterilizing so you can start your study promptly.


Unrivaled expertise – 40 years of detailed insights into the methods, materials, and practices of pharma packaging deliver results you can build your product on.

Best practices for extractables and leachables studies

Which regulatory requirements need to be considered when designing an extractables and leachables study for a drug product or medical device? Experts at SCHOTT Pharma Services provide two example studies, each following a different set of regulatory guidelines.

SCHOTT whitepaper on the regulatory requirements for extractables and leachables studies

Extractables and leachables studies: How to proceed

SCHOTT Pharma Services’ team of specialists offers support and advice about your pharmaceutical packaging challenge. We provide guidance and a complete process that will take you from initial request to effective solution.


1. Get in touch

Tell us about your current needs using the contact form below or phone us directly (see number in contact information below).


2. Receive a study proposal

Based on your information, our scientific experts will advise you and create a customized study proposal that conforms to the latest regulatory guidelines.


3. Quotation and sample requirements

Based on your feedback, we will provide a quotation, comprising a detailed study protocol and instructions for sample selection, packaging, and submission.


4. Sample submission

You then send the samples to our laboratories with a completed submission form, proforma invoice, and material safety data sheet.

Get in touch

Dr. Matthias Bicker

Dr. Matthias Bicker

Scientific Advisor Pharma Services

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